Adiponectin: A protein hormone produced and secreted exclusively by adipocytes (fat cells) that regulates the metabolism of lipids and glucose.
- Adiponectin influences the body’s response to insulin. Adiponectin also has anti-inflammatory effects on the cells lining the walls of blood vessels.
- High blood levels of adiponectin are associated with a reduced risk of heart attack. Low levels of adiponectin are found in people who are obese (and who are at increased risk of a heart attack).