Hypertonic solutions have higher osmotic pressure. This means that a cell surrounded by a hypertonic solution will have a lower concentration of solute than the solution does, forcing water to diffuse out of the cell. This causes the cell to shrink.
- An example of a hypertonic solution that has glucose dissolved into it is any plain glucose solution with a concentration higher than 5%. One such example is asolution of 10% dextrose in water, also known by its name D10W. This is oftenused as an IV fluid.
- The use of hypertonic saline solutions, such as HSD, appears safe and is of benefit to the patient by increasing chances of survival.
- No side effects are known.
Source: Examples.your.dictionary, http://examples.yourdictionary.com/hypertonic-solution-examples.html