Hypertonic solutions have higher osmotic pressure. This means that a cell surrounded by a hypertonic solution will have a lower concentration of solute than the solution does, forcing water to diffuse out of the cell. This causes the cell to shrink.



  • An example of a hypertonic solution that has glucose dissolved into it is any plain glucose solution with a concentration higher than 5%. One such example is asolution of 10% dextrose in water, also known by its name D10W. This is oftenused as an IV fluid.


  • The use of hypertonic saline solutions, such as HSD, appears safe and is of benefit to the patient by increasing chances of survival.


  • No side effects are known.


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Other names

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Source: Examples.your.dictionary, http://examples.yourdictionary.com/hypertonic-solution-examples.html

Sciencing.com, https://sciencing.com/what-is-hypertonic-solution-13712161.html

Nataonline, http://www.nataonline.com/np/192/hypertonic-saline-solutions-initial-treatment-patients-traumatic-injuries

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